লগইন রেজিস্ট্রেশন

আপনারা জানেন, আপনাদের নিয়ে ওরা কি ভাবে?

লিখেছেন: ' মেরিনার' @ শুক্রবার, ডিসেম্বর ৪, ২০০৯ (৪:১৭ পূর্বাহ্ণ)

আসলে মুদ্দা দ্বিল্লুরের ভক্ত তুষার খানের পোস্টে, যুক্তরাষ্ট্রভিত্তিক চরম ইসলামবিদ্বেষী think tank, RAND Corporation-এর একটা নথি থেকে একাংশ তুলে দিয়েছিলাম। পরে ভাবলাম ব্যাপারটা সবারই জানা উচিত। ইসলামী বিশ্ব এখন, আফিম খেয়ে ঘুমানো এক “reactive population”-এ পরিণত হয়েছে – যারা কেবল react করতে জানে – proactive চিন্তা করতে জানেনা। একটা কিছু ঘটে যাবার অনেক পরে যেন তাদের নেশার ঘোর কাটে – তখন অবাক হয়ে তারা জিজ্ঞেস করে: “তাই নাকি? কি করে এসব ঘটে গেল??” ..ইত্যাদি, ইত্যাদি।

দেশের মূলধারা ‘আলেমরা বিশ্বাস করেন যে, আল-ইহসান ও বায়্যিনাত এবং কারিতাস(খৃষ্টান মিশনারীদের স্বার্থ সংরক্ষণকারী NGO) এক এবং অভিন্ন লক্ষ্যে কাজ করে থাকে: প্রকৃত ইসলাম থেকে মানুষকে দূরে রাখা। RAND Corporation-এর একটা নথি থেকে তুলে দেয়া লেখাটা পড়লেই যে কেউ বুঝতে পারবেন, মুদ্দা দ্বিল্লুর-রা কার হয়ে কাজ করছেন:

There is no question that contemporary Islam is in a volatile state, engaged in an internal and external struggle over its values, its identity, and its place in the world. Rival versions are contending for spiritual and political dominance. This conflict has serious costs and economic, social, political, and security implications for the rest of the world. Consequently, the West is making an increased effort to come to terms with, to understand, and to influence the outcome of this struggle.

Clearly, the United States, the modern industrialized world, and indeed the international community as a whole would prefer an Islamic world that is compatible with the rest of the system: democratic, economically viable, politically stable, socially progressive, and follows the rules and norms of international conduct. They also want to prevent a “clash of civilizations” in all of its possible variants—from increased domestic unrest caused by conflicts between Muslim minorities and “native” populations in the West to increased militancy across the Muslim world and its consequences, instability and terrorism. It therefore seems judicious to encourage the elements within the Islamic mix that are most compatible with global peace and the international community and that are friendly to democracy and modernity. However, correctly identifying these elements and finding the most suitable way to cooperate with them is not always easy.

Islam’s current crisis has two main components: a failure to thrive and a loss of connection to the global mainstream. The Islamic world has been marked by a long period of backwardness and comparative powerlessness; many different solutions, such as nationalism, pan-Arabism, Arab socialism, and Islamic revolution, have been attempted without success, and this has led to frustration and anger. At the same time, the Islamic world has fallen out of step with contemporary global culture, an uncomfortable situation for both sides. Muslims disagree on what to do about this, and they disagree on what their society ultimately should look like. We can distinguish four essential positions:

x Civil Democratic Islam: Partners, Resources, and Strategies

• Fundamentalists reject democratic values and contemporary Western culture. They want an authoritarian, puritanical state that will implement their extreme view of Islamic law and morality. They are willing to use innovation and modern technology to achieve that goal.

• Traditionalists want a conservative society. They are suspicious of modernity, innovation, and change.

• Modernists want the Islamic world to become part of global modernity. They want to modernize and reform Islam to bring it into line with the age.

• Secularists want the Islamic world to accept a division of church and state in the manner of Western industrial democracies, with religion relegated to the private sphere. These groups hold distinctly different positions on essential issues that have become contentious in the Islamic world today, including political and individual freedom, education, the status of women, criminal justice, the legitimacy of reform and change, and attitudes toward the West.

The fundamentalists are hostile to the West and to the United States in particular and are intent, to varying degrees, on damaging and destroying democratic modernity. Supporting them is not an option, except for transitory tactical considerations. The traditionalists generally hold more moderate views, but there are significant differences between different groups of traditionalists. Some are close to the fundamentalists. None wholeheartedly embraces modern democracy and the culture and values of modernity and, at best, can only make an uneasy peace with them. The modernists and secularists are closest to the West in terms of values and policies. However, they are generally in a weaker position than the other groups, lacking powerful backing, financial resources, an effective infrastructure, and a public platform. The secularists, besides sometimes being unacceptable as allies on the basis of their broader ideological affiliation, also have trouble addressing the traditional sector of an Islamic audience.

Traditional orthodox Islam contains democratic elements that can be used to counter the repressive, authoritarian Islam of the fundamentalists, but it is not suited to be the primary vehicle of democratic Islam. That role falls to the Islamic modernists, whose effectiveness, however, has been limited by a number of constraints, which this report will explore.

To encourage positive change in the Islamic world toward greater democracy, modernity, and compatibility with the contemporary international world order, the United States and the West need to consider very carefully which elements, trends, and forces within Islam they intend to strengthen; what the goals and values of their various potential allies and protégés really are; and what the broader consequences of advancing their respective agendas are likely to be. A mixed approach composed of the following elements is likely to be the most effective:

Summary xi

Support the modernists first:

— Publish and distribute their works at subsidized cost.

— Encourage them to write for mass audiences and for youth.

— Introduce their views into the curriculum of Islamic education.

— Give them a public platform.

— Make their opinions and judgments on fundamental questions of religious interpretation available to a mass audience in competition with

those of the fundamentalists and traditionalists, who have Web sites, publishing houses, schools, institutes, and many other vehicles for disseminating their views.

— Position secularism and modernism as a “counterculture” option for disaffected Islamic youth.

— Facilitate and encourage an awareness of their pre- and non-Islamic history and culture, in the media and the curricula of relevant countries.

— Assist in the development of independent civic organizations, to promote civic culture and provide a space for ordinary citizens to educate themselves about the political process and to articulate their views.

• Support the traditionalists against the fundamentalists:

— Publicize traditionalist criticism of fundamentalist violence and extremism; encourage disagreements between traditionalists and fundamentalists.

— Discourage alliances between traditionalists and fundamentalists.

— Encourage cooperation between modernists and the traditionalists who are closer to the modernist end of the spectrum.

— Where appropriate, educate the traditionalists to equip them better for debates against fundamentalists. Fundamentalists are often rhetorically superior, while traditionalists practice a politically inarticulate “folk Islam.” In such places as Central Asia, they may need to be educated and trained in orthodox Islam to be able to stand their ground.

— Increase the presence and profile of modernists in traditionalist institutions.

xii Civil Democratic Islam: Partners, Resources, and Strategies

— Discriminate between different sectors of traditionalism. Encourage those with a greater affinity to modernism, such as the Hanafi law school, versus others. Encourage them to issue religious opinions and popularize these to weaken the authority of backward Wahhabi inspired religious rulings. This relates to funding: Wahhabi money goes to the support of the conservative Hanbali school. It also relates to
knowledge: More-backward parts of the Muslim world are not aware of advances in the application and interpretation of Islamic law.

— Encourage the popularity and acceptance of Sufism.

• Confront and oppose the fundamentalists:

— Challenge their interpretation of Islam and expose inaccuracies.

— Reveal their linkages to illegal groups and activities.

— Publicize the consequences of their violent acts.

— Demonstrate their inability to rule, to achieve positive development of their countries and communities.

— Address these messages especially to young people, to pious traditionalist populations, to Muslim minorities in the West, and to women.

— Avoid showing respect or admiration for the violent feats of fundamentalist extremists and terrorists. Cast them as disturbed and cowardly, not as evil heroes.

— Encourage journalists to investigate issues of corruption, hypocrisy, and immorality in fundamentalist and terrorist circles.

— Encourage divisions among fundamentalists.

• Selectively support secularists:

— Encourage recognition of fundamentalism as a shared enemy, discourage secularist alliance with anti-U.S. forces on such grounds as nationalism and leftist ideology.

— Support the idea that religion and the state can be separate in Islam too and that this does not endanger the faith but, in fact, may strengthen it. Whichever approach or mix of approaches is chosen, we recommend that it be done with careful deliberation, in knowledge of the symbolic weight of certain issues; the meaning likely to be assigned to the alignment of U.S. policymakers with particular positions on these issues; the consequences of these alignments for other Islamic actors, including the risk of endangering or discrediting the very groups and people we are seeking to help; and the opportunity costs and possible unintended consequences of affiliations and postures that may seem appropriate in the short term.

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৮ টি মন্তব্য

  1. বাংলায় দিলে ভালো হতো । তবে RAND Corporation- এর গবেষনা যাই হোক এমনিতেই এই পীর সাহেব অনেক অনৈসলামিক কর্মকান্ডের সাথে যুক্ত ।

    তারা হজ্ব করতে নিষেধ করে এর চেয়ে বড় প্রমান আর কি দরকার ।

    বাংলা মৌলভী

    @হাফিজ, আমি তাদের হজ্ব বিতর্কে গীবাত নয় বরং ফেত্ণার ব্যাপারে অবগত করতেই ভন্ড হইলাইট করেছি। এবং কেউ যদি বাতিল-দলের এজেন্ডা প্রমানিত হয় কিংবা তাদের ইস্যু নিয়ে পোস্ট করে তাদেরকে এভাবেই প্রকাশ্য টর্চার করা উচিত।

    হাফিজ

    @বাংলা মৌলভী, শুধু হজ্ব নয়, আরো অনেক বিষয়ে তারা আর সবাইকে গালাগালি করে। তাদের মতে আর সবাই বাতিল শুধু তারাই ঠিক।

    বাংলা মৌলভী

    @হাফিজ, আমি আরো আশা করবো এজাতীয় ভ্রান্ত ইজম প্রচারকারী ব্লগারদের পরীক্ষামুলক সযোগকে নির্দিষ্ট কয়েকটি পোস্টের মধ্যে সীমাবদ্ধ করা উচিত। এবং এর পরেও তারা ব্লগিং করলে ব্যান্ড করা উচিত। অবশ্য অন্যান ফোরাম এবং ইসলামিক ব্লগিং সাইটে নিয়ম নিয়ে আমি একটি পোস্ট ইতিপূর্বে দিয়েছি। কর্তৃপক্ষ বিবেচনায় আনলে উপকৃত হতাম

    হাফিজ

    @বাংলা মৌলভী, জ্বি আপনার পোস্টটি আমি দেখেছি । দেখি পিস ইন ইসলাম কর্তৃপক্ষ কি জবাব দ্যান । আমিও অপেক্ষায় আছি ।

    mariner

    @বাংলা মৌলভী,
    এখানে গীবতের প্রশ্নই ওঠে না বরং এদের expose করা ওয়াজিব। গীবতের ফতোয়া নীচে দেখুন:

    Q.Situations in which gheebah (“backbiting”) is permitted
    What are the situations in which gheebah (backbiting or talking about others in their absence) is permitted?.

    Answer:Praise be to Allaah.

    The scholars have stated that gheebah is permitted in certain situations:

    1-

    Complaining. It is permissible for the one who has been wronged to complain to the ruler or judge and others who have the authority or ability to settle the score with the one who wronged him.

    2-

    Seeking help to change evil and bring the sinner back to the right path, so he may say to the one who he hopes is able to do something: “So and so is doing such and such; tell him not to do it.”

    3-

    Seeking advice or a fatwa, by saying to the mufti, “So and so/my father/my brother has wronged me by doing such and such, does he have the right to do that? How can I solve this problem and ward off his harm from me?”

    4-

    Warning the Muslims of someone’s evil, such as highlighting the weakness of some reporters or witnesses or authors. That also includes seeing someone buying faulty goods, or someone keeping company with one who is a thief or adulterer, or giving a female relative of his to such a man in marriage, and the like. You should tell them about that by way of sincere advice, not with the aim of causing harm and spreading mischief.

    5-

    If a person openly commits evil or follows bid’ah, such as drinking alcohol and seizing people’s wealth unlawfully, it is permissible to speak of what he is doing openly, but it is not permissible to speak against him any other way, unless it is for another reason.

    6-

    For identification, if someone is known by a nickname such as the dim-sighted one, or the blind man or the one-eyed or the lame one, it is permissible to identify him as such, but it is haraam to mention that by way of belittling him, and if it is possible to identify him in some other way, that is better.

    It says in Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah li’l-Ifta (26/20): Speaking about a person in his absence is permissible in certain situations as indicated by shar’i evidence, if there is a need for that, such as if someone consults you about arranging a marriage to him, or entering into a business partnership with him, or if someone complains to the authorities to put a stop to his wrongdoing. In that case there is nothing wrong with saying things about him that he may not like to be said, because there is an interest to be served by that. One of the scholars summed up in two lines of poetry the situations in which it is permissible to talk about a person in his absence, and said:

    Criticizing is not gheebah in six (cases) – complaining, identifying, warning,

    When the person is committing evil openly, when advice is sought, and when one is asking for help in removing an evil.

    End quote.

    And Allaah knows best.
    Islam Q&A

    দ্য মুসলিম

    @বাংলা মৌলভী, 100% একমত। (Y)

  2. কেউ একজন বাংলায় অনুবাদ করে দিলে ভালো হত। বুকমার্ক করে রাখার মতো তথ্য। (F)